On the program: “Albanian Trace” – The Melody of Ancient times

The “Albanian traces” directed by journalist Marin Mema is one of those few shows that are worth seeing and curious about on Albanian television. I want to appreciate the patriotic work as well as the moral integrity that Marin Mema represents. Last night in this show they talked about the instrument of Cule Dyjare or Lungari. Along the show, the desire to show the antiquity of this Albanian autochthonous instrument and, as a result of lack of information, were given wrong examples about it. The paintings on the vases and engravings of the ancient Greco-Roman basilicas do not show the Cule Dyjare, but another antiquity instrument of antiquity that ancient Greeks called Aulos, while the Romans Tibius.

Aulosi consisted of two rocks made of simple reed and joined together only on the lips of the interpreter, unlike Cula Dyjare, which consists of two adjacent filaments in a single body. Another distinctive feature that distinguishes Aulos from Culja Dyjare is that Aulosi has in its composition double-pointed pipes, such as Duduku Armenian and modern Oboe which makes this instrument produce a deeper sound dramatic, as opposed to the thin sound (simulator of birds) of the Two Crys. The lack of facts and information that would testify to the antiquity of Culja Dyjare does not mean that it is not so, but it must be very careful in research and in providing relevant examples, so that they are as accurate as possible indirect. The lack of experts in the field and the attachment of those examples to other subjects or objects, as it was the case, would go beyond the limits of science and truth, risking everything to appear in the ridiculous limits.

Following is the “link” that shows studies funded by the “European Music Archeology Project” on Aulos.


In 2016, Prof. Arthur D’Angour of Oxford University, I managed to decipher a papyrus who had exactly written moments of music for Euripid’s “Oresti” drama. Along the drama in the amphitheater, singing verses of drama from a choir were accompanied by an Aulus. During archaeological research, in 1996 Pidna of Greece found an Aulos unharmed. After reviewing some of the paintings, drawings, bases and sculptures of the time, Greek scholar Stelios Psaroudakes did the proper measurements and Robin Howell reproduced it exactly. Today Oxford University and instrumentalists Barnaby Brown and Callum Armstrong are the interpreters of Aulos’s performance by giving concerts to introduce the audience the interesting sound of this antiquarian instrument. These are facts and studies entirely scientific, cold and distanced from any patriotism.I remain in the principle that history must be true and science-oriented.


/Armand Broshka/

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