Librettist of Opera Buffa
All the works of any kind have a libretto and mostly they were written by librettists who were writers of theatrical works in poetic verse. Carlo Goldoni is the greatest librettist of an important stage in the development of the comic opera. He was born in Venice in 1707 and died in Paris in 1793. During his life he adopted many nicknames and wrote numerous librettos for various musicians of the time. At that time the booklets were written and published without the need for a composer. But Goldoni was in great demand. He has written for Baldassare Gallupi, also called the father of comic opera, for D. Cimarosa, Egidio Romualdo Duni, Alexander Scarlatti, for the famous composer of the Neapolitan school Tomasso Traetta, for the famous Vivaldi, for Salieri etc.
It is important to underline that in the operatic panorama of the opera “the Cecchina or the good daughter” of the 700, is set to music by Piccini. Some librettos by Goldoni furonon not several times composed by various composers. “The world of the moon” is set to music by Piccini, Gallupi, Paisello and the great Haydn. “The world upside down” is set to music by Gallupi, Paisello and Salieri. Goldoni’s Mozart musicó “La finta semplice” in the year 1769.
Transferring the characters of his own prose theater into melodrama, a remarkable influence on comic opera, introducing the sentimental and realistic component and attenuating the contrast between serious and funny parts, typical of the Neapolitan work.